Facts about "Jana Gana Mana" - Just a thought for the National Anthem! How well do you know about it?
I have always wondered who is the " adhinayak" and "bharat bhagya vidhata", whose praise we are singing. I thought might be Motherland India! Our current National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana" is sung throughout the country.
Did you know the following about our national anthem, I didn't.
To begin with, India's national anthem, Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, was written by Rabindranath Tagore in honour of King George V and the Queen of England when they visited India in 1919.
To honour their visit Pandit Motilal Nehru had the five stanzas included, which are in praise of the King and Queen. (And most of us think it is in the praise of our great motherland!!!)
In the original Bengali verses only those provinces that were under British rule, i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha etc. were mentioned. None of the princely states were recognised which are integral parts of India now Kashmir, Rajasthan, Andhra, Mysore or Kerala. Neither the Indian Ocean nor the Arabian Sea was included, since they were directly under Portuguese rule at that time.
The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka implies that King George V is the lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is "the bestower of good fortune".
Following is a translation of the five stanzas that glorify the King:
First stanza: (Indian) People wake up remembering your good name and ask for your blessings and they sing your glories. (Tava shubha naame jaage; tava shubha aashish maage, gaaye tava jaya gaatha)
Second stanza: Around your throne people of all religions come and give their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.
Third stanza: Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for leading the ancient travellers beyond misery.
Fourth stanza: Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty-stricken, unconscious country? Waiting for the wink of your eye and your mother's (the Queen's) true protection.
Fifth stanza: In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat (India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O' Queen, and glory to Rajeshwara (the King).
This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland but depicts a bleak picture. When you sing Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, whom are you glorifying? Certainly not the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not indicate that.
It is time now to understand the original purpose and the implication of this, rather than blindly sing as has been done the past fifty years.
Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!! It was an absurd reason but Today for that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far better composition in praise of our dear Motherland India.
Wake up, it's high time! Shouldn't Vande Mataram be our National Anthem.
Facts which were buried....The song Jana Gana Mana was actually written by Tagoreji in praise of Swami Vivekananda and welcomed him back to India from his world tour. A time when the motherland was being occupied by foreign culture...And the value system of the country was being demolished...He rose and let the world know about Bharat and its rich heritage....Truly, the land of Vedas...Jana Gana Mana Adhinayak Jaye He.....Oh ruler of the minds and hearts of the people...Because Vivekananda was God himself....Bharat Bhagya Vidhata...Dispenser of India's destiny (remember this was the time when christianity was was flourishing and occupying india). It was of Swami Vivekananda who saved the who told the world about Hinduism and called the country the land of aryans...Aryan means the first people in Sanskrit....Punjab Sindh Gujarat Maratha Dravida Utkala Bhanga...They are seven, symbolic to the seven chakras of the human body spiritually...He is the one who rules them...Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga...Vindhya and Himachala symbolise the two crests of the nose through which we breathe, which is essentially the life force.And he is the life force, The Almighty...Yamuna and Ganga Uchahala Jaladhi Taranga symbolize the mind which never stops, and thoughts flow like a river, always new....He, who is its master...Tava Shubha Name Jage...May your good name rise to glory....Tava Shuba Aasish Maage...Your good blessings shud shower upon us.... Gahe Tava Jaya Gaatha....Singing your victorious deeds....Jana Gana...Jana means tribe or native or citizen...Gana means group or masses.....Mangala Dhayaka...Bestower of happiness...Jaye He.... Praise....Bharat Bhagya Vidhata...Dispenser of India's Destiny....Jaye He Jaye He Jaye He....
In the above paragraph, each word has a symbolic meaning...Punjab Sindh etc..... As u know Tagoreji was a Maha Yogi and Tapasvi...I could find some texts in the life story of Swami Vivekananda....Much more is written in it...Which I shall share if people are interested..
Please know that most of our history textbooks teach rubbish...Because it's a policy adopted by the British to ruin the Education system and curriculum..To impart false values and increase dependency...To grab a country they had to ruin its rich cultural heritage..And a generation has to be ruined..So they caught hold Education system...And made English education a great thing...Those days even people like Hitler and Rockfeller used to say..."You give me textbooks I'll give u a country"....See this link also...
Please know that the original letter is still there in the importants doucments section of the calcutta museum...On education in India and setting up and rise of public schools... Rise of British Education in India.
facts which wre buried.... the song jana gana mana was actually written by tagoreji in praise of swami vivekananda and welcomed him back to india from his world tour. a time when the motherland was being occupied by foreign culture... and the value system of the country was being demolished... he rose and let the world know abt bharat and its rich heritage .... truly the land of vedas... jana gana mana adhinayak jaye he..... oh ruler of the minds and hearts of the ppl... coz vivekananda was god himslef....bharat bhagya vidhata... dispenser of indias destiny (remember this was the time when christianity was was flourishing and occupying india) it was of swami vivekananda who saved the who told the world abt hinduism and called the country the land of aryans... aryan means the first ppl in sanskrit.... punjab sindh gujarat maratha dravida utkala banga... are seven.. symbolic to the seven chakras of the human body spiritually... he is the one who rules them... vindhya himachala yamuna ganga... vindhya and himachala symbolise the two crests of the nose through which we breathe ,,,,,which is essentially the life force,,, and he is the life force ..the almighty... yamuna and ganga uchahala jaladhi taranga symbolise the mind which never stops... and thoughts flow like a river... always new.... he, who is its master... tava shubha name jage... may ur good name rise to glory.... tava shuba aasish maage,,,, ur good blessings shud shower upon us.... gahe tava jaya gaatha.... singing ur victorious deeds.... jana gana ... jana means tribe or native or citizen... gana means group or masses,..... mangala dhayaka... bestower of happiness... jaye he.... praise.... bharat bhagya vidhata... dispenser of indias destiny.... jaye he jaye he jaye he....
in the above each word has a symbolic meaning... punjab sindh etc..... as u know tagoreji was a maha yogi and tapasvi... i cud find some texts in the life story of swami vivekananda.... much more is written in it... which i shall share if ppl r interested..
plz know tat most of our history textbooks teach rubbish... coz its a policy adopted by the british to ruin the educstion system and curriculum.. to impart false values and increase dependency... to grab a country they had to ruin its rich cultural heritage.. and a generation has to be ruined.. so they caught hold education system... and made english education a great thing... those days evenppl like hitler and rockfeller used to say... u give me textbooks i'll give u a country.... see this link also...
plz know that the original letter is still there in the importants doucments section of the calcutta museum... on education in india and setting up and rise of public schools... rise of british education in india
Very true , main thing is feeling... which we have for our motherland and not for any king ......
Nobody is doubting Tagore here.He might have written that praising the king.But the decision to choose this song as National Anthem in quite sucpicious if all this is true.Its all politocs..No hard feelings please..
dude please ,
dont divert yourself and others from the point.this is not about Tagore's work but about the National anthem we are on.The literal translation doesnt appear to be addressed to the motherland.......
Words like Bharat Bhagya Vidhata is now raising doubts in my mind.........
U can find them in this page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jana_Gana_Mana#Controversies U can see the detailed discussion and interpretation there to dispel ur ignorance and stop brewing hatred and controversy about our national anthem. India is the only country I believe in which people can be so irrational because of regionalism and linguistic divide. A sample from there for other readers:- The supporters of the nationalist message of Jana Gana Mana claim that "King","Throne" and "chariot" refer to the Almighty (for e.g. Lord Krishna from Bhagvad Gita) who will lead India to freedom. "Ma" on the other hand is more likely to refer to "The Motherland" i.e. India, than King George V's mother- The Queen. In Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem of Bangladesh, Tagore has used the word "ma" and "mata" numerous times to refer to the motherland. In his deeply mystic book "Gitanjali" (an offering of songs to the God) Tagore has used the same metaphor of God as "King":- Poem #50: "I had gone a-begging from door to door in the village path when thy golden chariot appeared in the distance like a gorgeous dream and i wondered who was this King of all Kings!" Poem #51: "The King has come- but where are lights, where are wreaths? Where is the throne to seat him?..... Open the doors, let the conch-shells be sounded!" The following phrases ignored by the proponents of the King George V controversy strengthen credibility of Jana Gana Mana's patriotic message:- Stanza 1:"Jana gana mangaldayako" The saving of all people waits in thy hand. Saving from what? Obviously British imperialism. Stanza 2: The call of the Lord (not the King or Queen)is announced in every Indian home continuously in their prayers. He brings "Oikyo" i.e unity of the people to gain freedom. Stanza 3: "Jugo Dhabito Jaatri"(Pilgrims of the ages)are those who follow the path leading to god, not to some King or Queen of British Empire. Similarly "Biplabo" i.e. fierce revolution is our freedom struggle and "Shankhodhwoni"(conch-shell sound) in mythology announced the start of a "battle", here- nationalist struggle against the Empire. This is a path of sacrifice and only God can protect from fear and misery (Sankato Dukho). Stanza 4: Through nightmares and fears, our mother i.e. motherland protected us in her lap, not the Queen. Stanza 5"Nidrito Bharato Jaagey" (Sleeping India awakens). This phrase has been used at least once by every nationalist poet to awaken the masses for revolution against British Imperialism. The "Supreme King" makes a mockery of King George V in the sense that the protector of India is a king above all mortal kings. If you think Tagore wrote only 1 patriotic poem, let me show u a sample of wat he was capable of when it came to awakening the masses: Gitanjali; Poem #35 Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; Where knowledge is free; Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls; Where words come out from the depth of truth; Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection; Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit; Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action ... Into that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake.
SARE JAHA SE ACHAA HINDUSTAN HAMARA... BEUATIFUL, IN HINDI OUR NATIONAL LANGUAGE AND WRITTEN FOR HINDUSTAN ONLY...
Controversy shadowed Jana Gana Mana from the day of its first rendition in 1911 at the Congress session in Calcutta. King George V was scheduled to arrive in the city on 30 December and a section of the Anglo-Indian English press in Calcutta thought - and duly reported - that Tagore's anthem was a homage to the emperor.
The poet rebutted such claims in a letter written in 1939: "I should only insult myself if I cared to answer those who consider me capable of such unbounded stupidity.