The Sino-Indian War occurred in 1962. A disputed Himalayan border was the main pretext for war, but other issues played a role. There had been a series of violent border incidents after the 1959 Tibetan uprising, when we granted asylum to the Dalai Lama.
India After Independence
Samant was elected on an independent, anti-Congress ticket to the Lok Sabha. He remained active in trade unions and communist politics throughout India in the 1990s, and a fierce opponent of the Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party, and remained aloof from the Congress. On the morning of January 16, 1997 Samant was gunned down and murdered outside his home in Mumbai by four gunmen, believed to be contract killers, who fled on motorcycles.
As the strike progressed through the months there were numerous failures of any attempts at negotiation and resolution. Disunity, mainly due to Shiv-Sena trying to break the strike and dissatisfaction over the strike soon became apparent, and many textile mill owners began moving their plants outside the city.
In the early 1980s, the owners deemed these mills unprofitable and declared that they were incapable of paying their workers' wages. Soon most of the mills were shut down. The land in which the mills were built had become more profitable, if implemented in construction of huge shopping complexes and residential colonies. The life of the 250,000 mill workers was at stake, while the government stood indifferent. Mill owners used this opportunity to grab the precious real estate.
Girangaon was the name commonly used to refer to an area which is now a part of central Mumbai. At one time this area had almost 130 textile mills, with the majority being cotton mills. Girangaon covered an area of 2.4 square kilometers, without including the workers' housing. The mill workers lived in a community, and they fostered a unique culture which shaped Mumbai at the turn on the century.