Revolutionary actions in Mainpuri

Bismil formed a revolutionary organization in the name of Matrivedi (Altar of Motherland) and contacted Pt. Genda Lal Dixit who was a school teacher at Auraiya. Reference of Dixit was given to him by his mentor Som Dev. Till then, Bismil had collected some weapons also. Som Dev knew that Bismil could be more offensive in his mission if a matured and experienced person supported him. Genda Lal had contacts with some powerful revolutionaries of the state.

He wanted to utilize their power in the armed struggle against the British rulers. Like Bismil, Dixit had also formed an armed organisation of youths called Shivaji Samiti. When Bismil told Dixit that his ancestors belonged to the notorious area of Central Province known for bravery, Dixit was happy and he accepted the offer. After that they organised youths of Etawah, Mainpuri, Agra and Shahjahanpur districts of United Province (now Uttar Pradesh) to strengthen the organisation.

On 28 January 1918 'Bismil' published a pamphlet titled "Deshvasiyon Ke Nam Sandesh" (A Message to Countrymen) and distributed it amongst public along with his poem "Mainpuri Ki Pratigya" (Vow of Mainpuri). In order to collect funds for the party looting was undertaken on three occasions in 1918. Police searched for them in and around Mainpuri. When he was planning another looting between Delhi and Agra, a police team arrived and firing started from both the sides. Bismil jumped into the river Yamuna and swam underwater. The police thought that he had died in the encounter. Dixit was arrested along with his other companions and he was kept in Agra fort from which Dixit later fled and lived underground in Delhi. A criminal case was filed against them. It is known as the "Mainpuri Conspiracy" against the British King Emperor. On 1 November 1919 the Judiciary Magistrate of Mainpuri B.S. Chris announced the judgement against all accused and declared Dixit and Bismil as absconders. They could not be arrested by the police in spite of all their efforts.


Sankalp Unit